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govr. of Sikkim

Hon’ble Shri Balmiki Prasad Singh


former Governor of Sikkim and Home Secretary, Government of the Republic of India


Balmiki Prasad Singh is a distinguished scholar, thinker and public servant.


B.P. Singh was born on January 1, 1942 in Bihar. He was educated in a village school and subsequently at the Universities of Patna and Oxford. He passed his M.A. in Political Science from Patna University, Patna, standing first in first class with record marks and several gold medals. He became a lecturer in Political Science in Patna University at the age of nineteen.


B.P. Singh was appointed to the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) in 1964. He served as an IAS officer for 38 years between 1964 and 2002. He has since been the recipient of several fellowships and awards. The fellowships include Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship (1982-84), Queen Elizabeth Fellowship (1989-90); and Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship (2007-08). B.P.Singh was awarded Governor of Assam Gold Medal in 1991 for outstanding service in Assam; Gulzarilal Nanda Award for outstanding public service in India from the President of India in 1998; Man of Letters Award from His Holiness the Dalai Lama in 2003; and Paul H. Appleby Award by Vice President of India for outstanding services in the field of public administration in India in 2017.


As an administrator over the past five decades, B.P. Singh has held important positions within the state of Assam as well as in the Government of India and also in international organisation. In Assam , he was Deputy Commissioner, Tezpur and later Deputy Commissioner Kamrup, Guwahati. He was Joint Secretary and later Secretary for all Departments under Chief Secretary and also Agriculture Production Commissioner, Govt of Assam. At the Centre , he was Additional Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests (1993-95), Culture Secretary (1995-97) and Home Secretary (1997-99) in Government of India. He was Executive Director and Ambassador at the World Bank (1999-2002) at Washington D C and later Governor of Sikkim (2008-13).


As Culture Secretary, Government of India B.P. Singh organized the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of India’s Independence at the global level; and set-up National Culture Fund (NCF) to promote public-private partnership in conservation of national heritage sites and monuments. NCF is operational in India and has been mutatis mutandis adopted by Bhutan and Mexico while some other countries have incorporated some of its features in their schemes. B.P. Singh also devised government scheme to support through endowments and staff entitlements guru-shishya parampara schools and Buddhist and Gandhian organizations in the country. These schemes have performed very well.


As Union Home Secretary B.P. Singh set up a National Coordination Centre for dealing with naxal problem. B.P. Singh also devised a fresh formula for reorganization of States in terms of Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of India by obtaining prior consent of the Legislatures of States who were to be bifurcated. This was accepted by the Cabinet and approved by Parliament. This formed the basis of creation of 3 States of Chattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand.


As an international civil servant, B.P. Singh served as Executive Director and Ambassador at the World Bank during 1999-2002 representing India, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka and was one of the founder members of the Development Gateway Foundation (DGF) and member, Global Environment Facility (GEF), Washington D.C. His role was formally hailed by the then President of the World Bank by calling him ‘ambassador extraordinaire’ of the world’s poor.


B.P. Singh was Governor of Sikkim during 2008-13. His five year term as Governor of Sikkim was extremely successful. He contributed immensely to the processes of acceleration of pace of harmony between democracy, culture and administration. This got duly reflected in educational development (including its quality); comprehensive health care facilities; regeneration of forest resources; and in giving dignity and a sense of belongingness to citizens. His positive interventions in critical situations as head of the strategic State of Sikkim are well known to the people of the State and their leaders.


As an intellectual with avid interest in academics, B.P. Singh held a variety of honorary academic and governmental assignments including (i) Chancellor of the Central University of Tibetan Studies, Sarnath for seven years; (ii) Chief Editor of the South Asia Series on “Perspectives on Economics, Technology and Governance” of Oxford University Press, New York for four years; (iii) President, Namgyal Institute of Tibetology for five years; (iv) Chancellor, Sikkim Manipal University for five years.; and (v) Chairman, National Commission for Economically Backward Classes set up by Govt. of India in the rank of Cabinet Minister (2003-04).


B.P. Singh was always occupied with important administrative assignments but even then he was able to spare his time and energy for the literary work and penned down his memories, his thoughts and his experiences in six books including the globally acclaimed: (i) The Problem of Change: A Study of North-East India; (ii) India’s Culture: the State, the Arts and Beyond; (iii) Bahudha and the Post-9/11 World (all published by Oxford University Press). His latest book is titled: The 21st Century: Geo-politics, Democracy and Peace (Routledge: New York – London 2017).


B.P. Singh is well-known as author of the Bahudha approach, which outlines the path towards a harmonious world as against the clash of civilizations.


B.P. Singh is an eminent public speaker in English and Hindi and has delivered memorial lectures and speeches at national and global levels. Some of his memorial lectures include Sardar Patel Memorial Lecture for the year 1999; and Dr. Rajendra Prasad Memorial Lecture for the year 2009 (both organized by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India). He delivered the Maulana Azad Memorial Lecture for the year 2011 organized by Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR). He gave a public oration at Belur Math on Swami Vivekananda in 2014 and also wrote for 150th birthday celebration volume dedicated to him which was brought out by the Ramakrishna Mission Institute. B.P. Singh presided over the four-day Global Buddhist Congregation in November 2011 in New Delhi attended by around 1,000 Buddhist scholars, thinkers and followers from over 30 countries to mark the 2600th year of Buddha’s Enlightenment. His Presidential Address was subsequently printed and circulated within India and abroad. And in these B.P. Singh occupies a unique position among public servants.


B.P.Singh is currently working on promotion of Peace, Science, Culture and Democracy through his association with several organisations and by writings and speeches.


B.P. Singh lives in New Delhi and could be contacted at bpsias@gmail.com. (Mobile No. 919810105981 and landline 011-43220002).


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